The Darkest Day, the Brightest Hope – John 19:17-30

The Darkest Day, the Brightest Hope
John 19:17-30
Hope in Christ Bible Church 2/4/18
I welcome you to our time in God’s Word, so open your Bible with me to John 19.
What a joy it’s been to lift our praises to the Lord as we have done.
Did you notice- most of the songs we sang this morning centered on a particular theme: Death. The death of Christ.
No matter how you say that word, death, it’s a heavy and sober word.
That’s why for centuries people have come up with all kinds of idioms to soften the sound of death.
It is claimed that one Thesuarus contains a thousand different expressions used in history as euphemisms for death.
Greek mythology described death as when you “take the ferry” to the other side.
In old English that’s the time you, “lose you breath” or “give up the ghost.”
Then in the 19th century the one died was said to “stiffen, step out, or knock over.”
From the farming perspective, (probably from milking cows) came the idiom, “To kick the bucket.”
In wartime slang soldiers would say one would “pack up, fall a victim, or pay the ultimate price.”
But when it comes to describing the death of Christ, God hold back nothing. He doesn’t hide the awful gore.
Instead, He shows us the death of His Son was both gruesome and glorious.
In fact, God captures our attention with what Christ’s death looked like when He went to the cross some 2,000 years ago.
It’s our privilege now to join John the gospel writer as He gives eyewitness account of what took place the day of Christ’s death.
Then after we look at all that, we are going to hear what the rest of Scripture tells us about how Christ’s death must affect us. You will have to come back next week to hear that!
Now, take in me the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
John 19:17–30 They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am King of the Jews.’ ” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.” 23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”; this was to fulfill the Scripture: “THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS.”
25 Therefore the soldiers did these things. But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into his own household.
28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
Here iwe find ourselves as it were in the Holy of Holies in God’s redemptive plan.
For it is in these hellish and yet heavenly hours the glorious God-man, who never sinned, took the wrath of God we deserved.
This gives us a close-up look at the :
Crucifixion with criminals 17-18
Caption on the cross 19-22
Collusion for Christ’s clothes 23-25a
Consideration for Mary 25b-27
Completion of the divine plan 28-30
Remember, Christ has just been mercilessly treated in the final trial before Pilate.
They scourge Jesus with a brutal Roman flogging that disfigured His back and exposed His raw flesh.
Then in a mock coronation, they rammed the crown of thorns on Christ’s head and parade Him before the people in a purple robe.
On top of that they punch Christ in the face, spit on Him and hit Him on the head with a mock scepter.
Pilate, fearing the irate crowd would tell Caesar about this Jesus who claimed to be king, turns Him over to be crucified.
From that judgement seat in the place called Gabbatha, Jesus is then lead to execution.
As was the custom of the day, He is made to carry His own cross. This, most likely, refers to Christ carrying the horizonal cross-member on which he would hang. A man named Dionysius of Halicar-nassus, who lived at the time of Christ, describes how a slave condemned to crucifixion was led to the place of his death: “The men ordered to lead the slave to his punishment, having stretched out both his arms and fastened them to a piece of wood which extended across his…shoulders as far as his wrists.” (Roman Antiquities, VII, 69:1-2)
Many of the early church Fathers see our Lord carrying His cross prefigured by Isaac carrying wood to the place of sacrifice which was supposed to be him (Gen. 22:6). Yet what becomes clear from Matthew 27 and Mark 15 is that due to Christ’s wounded body, He could not carry the cross the entire way.
That’s why the Roman soldiers, unwilling to lift a finger, “pressed into service a passer-byer named Simon of Cyrene.” Mark 15:21 Tragically, the second century heretic Basilides taught that this Simon of Cyrene not only took Christ’s cross but died on the cross instead of Christ. That devilish deception is a common view embraced by Muslims today. One Islamic tradition teaches God confused the minds of the soldiers so that they crucified Simon who carried the cross instead of Jesus. Others believe it was Judas who was crucified.
Well, those Romans would have to had been blind not to notice the difference. Such a view is not only nonsense. It is a refusal to accept the clear truth of God’s Word right here before us! And it is a direct attack against the only way of salvation in Christ as our substitute.
For as the apostles insisted, “…there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved.” Acts 4:12
Well, we are told where Jesus was lead to be crucified.
John tells us it is called, “the Place of the Skull” which is Hebrew is Golgotha. The original word is “kranion” from which we get in English “cranium” .
When Jerome in the 4th century translated these verses into Latin (Vulgate) he used the word “calvaria” which gives us our English word Calvary.
Now why is it called “Place of the Skull?
Origen and Athansius (2nd and 4th C) taught the skull of Adam was discovered there.
Some believe it was a place where many skulls were left lying around. Others suggest it was a common place of execution which was likely the case.
In Jerusalem today, there’s a hill called “Gordon’s Calvary, a rock formation that looks like a skull.
There is also the church of the Holy Sepulcher which many claim was built on top of Golgotha centuries ago.
Both of those places are only a couple thousand feet apart, and are about a half mile west of the temple mount (Dome of the Rock).
Eusebius, 4th century historian and pastor in Caesarea, affirmed that Place of the Skull was right beside the northern part of Mount Zion.
Here’s what we can be sure of- Golgotha was the place chosen to carry out the grizzly murder of Christ by crucifixion.
Now we need to have a right view of this. Because the cross, the instrument of torture, has become romanticized in jewelry, stained-glass windows, and even in certain songs.
Ancient historian Josephus calls crucifixion “the most pitiable of deaths.”
Cicero the Roman politician and orator who lived shortly before Christ chose these words to describe crucifixion: “the cruelest and foulest of punishments.”
In fact, the cross was so distasteful that Cicero said it should never be mentioned in polite company.
Now, very fascinating pertaining to death by crucifixion. In 1968 an ossuary was unearthed (burial box containing bones) from a hill north of Jerusalem. Careful examination of the burial box and bones revealed that the victim whose name was Yehohanan ben Hagkol died by crucifixion at the age of about 25.
He had been fastened to the cross by one nail through each of his forearms and a single nail through both of his heels together.
Now, those first century Jerusalem Christians that read this gospel of John- they knew how crucifixions worked.
The Romans perfected it to be the most feared means of death filled with horror and pain for the worst criminals.
Mark 15:25 tell us the crucifixion began the third hour which was 9 A.M. And we know from Mat. 27:45 that darkness fell on the earth at noon and continued to 3 P.M.
Jesus would have been stripped of all His clothes and then thrown down on his back with arms outstretched on the horizontal beam.
Large iron spikes were then driven through His wrists into the wood.
Jesus was then hoisted up to the vertical beam which was anchored in the ground.
A single spike was then pounded through both feet, as one was placed over the other. We remember the words of David in Psalm 22:4 which foretell this saying, “A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet.”
In terms of the sequence of Christ’s seven sayings on the cross, the first fits here when Christ was being nailed and lifted up on that cross.
It was for His executioners that He prayed “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” Luke 23:34
The pain of crucifixion intensified as Jesus would have hung with His arms above His head causing great difficulty inhaling and exhaling. We can compare it to painful suffocation. As time passed, Christ’s muscles, from the loss of blood and oxygen would undergo severe contractions.
The Romans however didn’t want the one on the cross to die quickly but to suffer.
That’s why the Romans would sometimes put a small piece of wood, the sedulum, to serve as a crude seat for the victim. It was designed not to relieve but to prolong the agony.
In order to breathe and keep the lung cavity from being crushed, the person could lift his body off the sedulum by pulling down with his wrists and pushing with his feet. Then He would slump down until eventually too exhausted to fight for life.
We can only imagine how even the joints would be stretched out and pound with pain. And a lack of oxygen, even fluid build up in the lungs would result in increased strain on the heart.
We hear the echoes of Psalm 22:14, that clearly points forward to Christ as a messianic psalm. “I
am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; it is melted within me.”
Some medical doctors believe the physical cause of Christ’s death was that he died of cardiac rupture. That’s acute heart failure, a broken heart.
We are told by John that “there they crucified [Christ] and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between.”
These men were criminals. In fact the word Matthew and Luke use to describe them tells us they were insurrectionists. So, our Lord hangs between two terrorists.
This ties to Isaiah’s description of the Messiah would in His death would be “numbered with the transgressors.”
Listen to the conversation those men had on the cross:
Luke 23:39–43 “One of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the Christ? Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 “And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving what we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”
That unnamed thief, immediately after his death that day, awoke in God’s presence!
What a powerful reminder of how God loves to save those who seem impossibly far from God.
And He does that as they see themselves condemned in sin and call out to Christ in faith.
For any who think you have to clean up your life, get baptized, and do a list of good works to get saved- look at that thief on the cross.
For we just like him can do nothing to save ourselves. We must change our mind about sin on believe on the Lord Jesus Christ!
From the crucifixion with criminals we zoom in on the 2. Caption on the cross 19-22
The divine drama here explodes like a stunning fireworks display. For all who have the mind of Christ see here the stellar sovereignty of God.
We are told(v. 19) that “Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross.” We know what it said: “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
Now, why did he put those words above Christ?
It served as a deterrent to others who would pass by. For we read in the next verse:
20Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city…”
Take note of that last phrase- near the city.
The idea is that the place of crucifixion was just outside the boundaries of Jerusalem proper. Why? They didn’t wanted such a disgusting site in the middle of their nice city.
Same reason the Nazis placed their biggest death camps and gas chambers for Jews over the border in Auschwitz. So they wouldn’t have the gore in their own backyard.
But for travelers visiting Jerusalem for the Passover, they would have seen Christ being crucified. And that sign affixed to the top of that center cross would have caught their eye.
For it describes the victim and why he was being killed.
It was written in Hebrew- that was the language spoken by the Jewish people.
And Latin- Latin was the official language of the Roman government and army.
And Greek was the lingua franca spoken throughout the Roman Empire.
Now how did the crowds who could read those signs react? Turn with me to Matthew 27:39-43 which tells us what the crowds
Those passing by who saw Christ and the placard we are told “were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads 40 and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”
But they weren’t the only ones who ridiculed Christ: Mathew continues (v. 41): “In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes and elders, were mocking Him and saying, 42 “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. He is the King of Israel; let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe in Him.
Then they throw Psalm 22:8 in Christ’s face: Further in verse 43: “HE TRUSTS IN GOD; LET GOD RESCUE Him now, IF HE DELIGHTS IN HIM; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ”
Do you realize when they quote these words they unwittingly fulfill the prophecy of what David says Christ’s tormentors would do to Him!
Now back in John 19:21. Those chief priests are furious over the message written of Christ.
Look at what they now demand of the governor: “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am King of the Jews.’ ”
What’s the big deal? They are enraged that the sign for all to see says that the one they hate so much, Jesus from Nazareth, is the King of the Jews!
And they suspect the jab Pilate makes in the mock title is against them. And it is.
They don’t want anyone to confuse Jesus’ claim with His identity, so they tell him to change it.
But timid Pilate surprises them. He puts his foot down and answers, “What I have written, I have written!” In other words.” I am not going to change it!”
Here so wonderfully, God shows what He wants to be written. It’s the knowledge of Christ the crucified king to be spread to all people!
This is so divine. God’s overruling hand directed what was to be written and stay written. Even in Christ’s darkest hour, the Father through that placard got the last word! He declared Christ as King as king to the world!
This by the way was no surprise to our Lord. It’s what He anticipated when He tells the crowds of His coming death:
John 12:32–33 “And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” 33But He was saying this to indicate the kind of death by which He was to die.
Church, never forget this: the sovereignty of God rules over all. That we see in the last hours of Christ’s life. And that we must see in every hour of our lives.
There is no happenstance, there is no luck nor chance in life.
“[For] we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.” Romans 8:28 Amen!
Be it big health concerns, pressures at work, challenges with children, disappointments with friends, struggles with singleness, remember, God is in full control. And He will bring good out of bad if you trust Him.
In all things, even those things that seem to be so bad, God accomplishes His divine purposes.
In our text, that includes the:
3. Collusion for Christ’s clothes 23-25a
It’s here we see one of the most shameful parts of the death of our Savior. John 19: 23 informs us: “Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic….” Let’s pause here.
The basic unit of the Roman army was composed of 8 soldiers who shared a tent.
However, half-units of four soldiers each were at times assigned to special tasks, such as execution quads.
That fits best as these soldiers divide Christ’s clothes into 4 parts, one for each.
The four pieces to be divided among them would the belt, sandals, head covering, and the tallith (the square outer garment with fringes).
Each of those heartless military men gets one of those to take home as a perk for their job.
But now there’s one more item, the last possession Christ had- His tunic.
Jewish men wore a loose-fitting inner garment next to the skin that went from the shoulders to their knees.
John the eyewitness, tells us what was unusual about Christ’s: “Now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece.
What are we to make of this? Well, let me suggest to you one fascinating thing-
A seamless piece of cloth guaranteed that two different materials like wool and cotton had not been joined together. You say, “why was that important?”
It’ because God’s law given in Lev. 19:19 says, His people were not to “wear a garment… of two kinds of material mixed together” (Deut. 22:11).
Friends, Christ kept the law perfectly as no man could, and He did that even in ways that only God His Father could see!
Now those evil soldiers guarding the cross discuss what they will do with Christ’s tunic.
Verse 24: So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”
How appalling! These men are treating Christ as if He is already dead. And they are gambling over His most personal earthly belonging- His seamless tunic.
They realize that if they cut it into pieces, it won’t be worth anything.
But why do they want this? It wasn’t because of its intrinsic value. Remember, they are at the foot of the cross of one of the most popular and controversial persons in that land.
They well may have been thinking- perhaps this will give us some power, for we have heard some who touched Christ’s robe were healed!”
But there’s a better explanation for why they do this.
Look at it there in the middle of verse 24: “this was to fulfill the Scripture: “THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS.”
This should make us pause with not only abhorrence but adoration.
Those wicked men that do such a shameful thing, that’s what God used to make good on His Word even to the most minute detail!
It was to fulfill the Scripture!
For what’s recorded from those soldiers comes almost verbatim from (the Greek translation) of what David wrote in Psalm 22:18. (nearly 1,000 years before!).
“They divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.
In this messianic psalm, King David describes an execution. There is mockery of enemies and physical attack.
Here we see unmistakable typology in David’s words and life that can only be fulfilled in Christ.
So, as Jesus hangs there on the cross. He hears and can see the soldiers fighting over His clothes below.
And He realizes that all the pain and shame He at that moment experiences is all part of God’s perfect plan.
In fact, He knows Psalm 22 is what He is living out at this very moment.
That’s why there from the cross, He takes the first verse of that Psalm and cries out in a loud voice, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
Oh, Christ knows why. He knows the price of redemption meant He had to humble himself to become obedient to the point of death, even the most shameful death on the cross (Phil. 2:8).
And He gave Himself in full obedience to pay the price for our sins.
There on the cross we also see displayed the selfless love of Christ.
In marked contrast to the Collusion for Christ’s clothes we see His
4. Consideration for Mary 25b-27
John is the only writer who includes the statements that Christ makes concerning his mother.
We are told (part way into verse 25), “But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.”
It’s best to see these as 4 courageous women who followed Christ all the way to His execution.
This includes Mary Magdalene from whom Christ cast out 7 demons.
These women are brokenhearted, overwhelmed with unimaginable grief by the bloody and battered sight of Christ before them.
They would have been amazed by what Jesus then does:
26When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27Then He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!”
Though Jesus’s body is screams with excruciating pain, and He is fighting for breath, who is He thinking about?
Not Himself but His mother.
Christ is fully aware of her heartache in seeing this awful sight. And He knows her vulnerability as Joseph her husband seems to have been long dead.
So, with great compassion, Christ entrusts Mary into the care of the only disciple present, the beloved John. And “From that hour” we are told “the disciple [John] took her into his own household.”
Yes, even after this point, the mother of Christ lived with the apostle John. Can you imagine how often they would have talked about Christ? John wanting to find out about Christ as a boy, and far more importantly, Mary wanting to learn more of Christ with His disciples!
But why didn’t Christ give the care of Mary to one of other children? (Mat. 13:55 tells us Christ had at least 4 brothers and 2 sisters).
Here’s the reason why none of them were chosen to take care of Mary: As you remember in from John 7:5, “…not even His brothers were believing in Him.”
Friends, Jesus had no material goods or valuables to leave with His mother.
But He loved her and honored her by making sure she would be cared for.
Children, learn the lesson here from Christ and don’t forget to honor your parents! For that brings glory to God.
Ephesians 6:2 “HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER (which is the first commandment with a promise.”
So follow the wonderful example of Christ as He honored and cared for His mother Mary.
Now, let’s be clear. Some have taught that Mary by the cross contributed to His payment for sin, that she was a joint-mediatrix in our salvation- that’s a lie from the pit.
Some also insist that Mary has a continuing role as the church will come under her care.
There’s nothing of the sort here. To believe that false teaching is to impose tradition on God’s Word and violate the clear meaning here.
You see, Mary was not strong. She was weak. And she needed the care of her Son through John.
For Mary herself from the birth of Jesus saw Him as her Savior (Luke 1:47).
That means Mary was a sinner and needed Christ to rescue her from her sin!
So the greatest gift of Christ to Mary was not a roof over her head but faith in her heart to trust Him as her Savior! The
Crucifixion with criminals 17-18
Caption on the cross 19-22
Collusion for Christ’s clothes 23-25a
Consideration for Mary 25b-27
brings us to:
5. Completion of the divine plan 28-30
It’s at this point, around 12 noon, that eerie darkness covered the entire land (Mat. 27:45). It lasted till the 9th hour which is 3 P.M.
John relates in verse 28: After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, “I am thirsty.”
Hanging exposed in the midday Judean sun would have caused exhaustion and rapid dehydration.
It may well have been that with a parched throat Jesus would have had extreme difficulty in proclaiming His final words.
But the other reason Christ makes this request is to fulfill Scripture. What Scripture?
I believe there are two.
Psalm 22:15 where David speaks of Christ the Messiah: “My strength is dried up like a potsherd, And my tongue cleaves to my jaws; and You lay me in the dust of death.”
In response to Christ’s request, John tells us:
29A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth.”
Earlier in the torture on the cross, Christ was offered strong drink mixed with gall (Mat. 27:34). Yet Christ refused it. For the gall would have had a narcotic effect that would deaden His sense of pain.
Christ knew His suffering was the will of His Father and He chose to embrace that without impairing His senses.
Now, the soldiers soaked a sponge in cheap vinegar-like wine that soldiers often drank. They put that on the end of a little hyssop branch to extend to Jesus.
As they did, they fulfilled and another amazing prophecy saying that would happen to Christ:
Psalm 69:21 They also gave me gall for my food and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Hyssop that was used to extend that vinegar to Christ. It grew like a weed. And it was typically less that two feet tall which tells us Christ on the cross would not be far above the ground. And hyssop also reminds us of what God’s people used to paint blood from the lamb on their doorposts.
And now here we have the Lamb of God on the cross whose blood takes away the sin of the world!
This prepares us for the great declaration of our Lord in verse 30: “Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, Tetelestai ‘It is finished!’”
I praise God Christ didn’t say, “I am finished, but it is finished.”
This is not a cry of defeat but victory!
What is finished?
The Law, is now fulfilled.
The ceremonial system of sacrifices is now abolished.
Christ’s mission is now accomplished.
The penalty of sin and death is now paid for.
That word tetelestai was sometimes used by Greeks in their commercial negotiations.
It would be stamped on merchandise or written on a receipt. And it mean the price has been “paid in full.” There is not more debt to pay!
Colossians 2:14 tells us of that fully payment for us in Christ. For when we were dead in our sins God “canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.”
But how could Christ say “It is finished” since His resurrection had not yet taken place?
It’s because Christ’s emerging alive from the grave that next Sunday morning was so certain He speaks as if He has already accomplished it!
With the entire work of salvation finished, Luke 23:46 records that Christ now says, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”
Those last words of our Savior are from Psalm 31:5. This shows us Christ lived and died with the Scriptures in his heart and on His lips.
And friends, how much more should we!
And then we are told, our Savior “bowed His head and gave up His spirit.”
No one took His life from Him. When all was accomplished He laid down His life. He gave Himself freely and fully as the sin offering to God.
Christ paid it all, therefore we owe our all to Him.
The hymn writer put it this way: I hear the Savior say, “Thy strength indeed is small; Child of weakness, watch and pray, Find in Me thine all in all.” For nothing good have I Whereby Thy grace to claim; I’ll wash my garments white In the blood of Calv’ry’s Lamb. For Jesus paid it all, All to Him I owe; Sin had left a crimson stain, He washed it white as snow. Let’s give thanks to the Lord in prayer.

The Darkest Day, the Brightest Hope
John 19:17-30
Hope in Christ Bible Church 2/4/18
1. Crucifixion with criminals 17-18
Mark 15:21
Acts 4:12
Mark 15:25
Mat. 27:45
Luke 23:34
Psalm 22:14
Luke 23:39-43
2. Caption on the cross 19-22
Mat. 27:39-43.
Psalm 22:8
John 12:32–33
Rom. 8:28
3. Collusion for Christ’s clothes 23-25a
Lev. 19:19
Psalm 22:18
Phil. 2:8
4. Consideration for Mary 25b-27
Mat. 13:55
John 7:5
Eph. 6:2
Luke 1:47
5. Completion of the divine plan 28-30
Mat. 27:45
Psalm 22:15
Mat. 27:34
Psalm 69:21
Col. 2:14
Luke 23:46
Psalm 31:5